Dairy feed

.. overall aim of the dairy feed component of DIFS-Live is to contribute to food security by increasing local milk production and net farm incomes of dairy farmers in Western Java ..

Dairy feed improvements

The majority of the dairy farmers in West Java are smallholders each having 1-3 cows. The dairy cattle generally receive insufficient amounts of roughage and concentrates. In addition, these products are often of low or medium quality. Most dairy farmers try to compensate the shortage of roughage with a relatively high use of poor quality concentrates. These poor feeding practices result in low milk production, sub-optimal animal health, relative high cost prices of milk and low farmer incomes.

GD-foto-milkThe dairy feed component of DIFS-Live will contribute to food security by increasing local milk production and net farm incomes of dairy farmers in West Java. Interventions focus on improving current feeding supplies and practices as part of overall dairy farm management. DIFS-Live will assist with the testing and demonstration of roughage and concentrate supply improvements, capacity building of staff of dairy coops (KUDs) and dairy farmers, and co-financing of the Dutch and Indonesian hardware and other supplies required for the successful implementation of the interventions.

After a careful selection procedure, the KUDs KPGS Cikajang in Garut and KPSP Saluyu in Kuningan have been chosen as the two pilot locations.

The interventions are jointly developed and implemented by Livestock Research Institute (WLR) of Wageningen UR, PT Trouw Nutrition Indonesia (part of the Nutreco Group), Royal Barenbrug Group (through its Australian sister company Heritage Seeds) and Ottevanger Milling Engineers. The IPB Faculty for Animal Sciences assists with the implementation of a series of on location fodder trials.

Interventions to improve the roughage supply

GD-foto-dairy-fodderDuring the implementation phase of DIFS-Live the following interventions will be implemented:

1. Production of forages by non-dairy farmers
Crop farmers will be engaged who produce good quality forage crops like maize, sorghum. From these crops silages will be made which will be sold to the dairy farmers.

2. Sourcing and use of crop residues
A system will be developed for better souring and usage of crop-residues at the selected pilot locations.

3. On-farm fodder production and conservation
a. Improved fodder management
During this intervention improved fodder management will be implemented at the demo farms.
b. Introduction of new forage species
Improved forage species will be selected, planted and the growth and production process will be monitored at the demo farms.
c. Fodder conservation at farm level
A system for fodder conservation will be designed, tested and demonstrated with farmer groups.

Interventions to improve concentrate feed production

1. Evaluation of current concentrate feed production
Concentrate feed and raw materials will be sampled, analysed and the used feed formulation formula will be evaluated. In addition, the present mixing procedures and implementation process will be examined and the equipment and facilities used for mixing and storage will be assessed. The methods of feed distribution will be assessed and costs data will be analysed.

2. Improved concentrate feed production
A system for production of good quality concentrate feed within present conditions will be designed. In addition, the improved feed production will be implemented, the effects will be demonstrated and system for improved quality control of raw materials and end products will be designed.

3. Improvement of facilities concentrate feed production
A plan for the upgrading of facilities for feed production will be prepared and options for financing will be sought.

Capacity building of staff and dairy farmers of the selected KUDS

To improve the skills and knowledge of the staff of the KPSP Saluyu and KPGS Cikajang KUDS and of the dairy farmers of selected farmer groups, the following activities will be implemented:

1. Training of trainers
A training will be given to feed advisors of the dairy coops and to the local DINAS to advise farmers on feed improvements and feeding.

2. Training of demo farmers and famers of selected famers groups
Farmers will be given a training on the use of improved fodder and improved dairy feeding practices.

3. Training of staff of feed suppliers
Staff of feed suppliers will receive training on improved concentrate feed production.