Poultry processing.. a shift towards medium and large scale slaughter houses located outside the urban areas is desired ..
Improving poultry processing standards
It is estimated that currently around 75% of the chickens are slaughtered through home-based slaughter points that are located close to the market. The growing demand for poultry meat can however not be met in a responsible and sustainable way by these existing slaughter points; majority of the live birds are slaughtered under poor hygienic and environmentally unsafe conditions. Officially home-based slaughtering is illegal but effective law enforcement is difficult.
A shift towards medium and large scale slaughter houses located outside the urban areas is desired. However, current slaughter practices of small and medium sized slaughter houses are far from optimal and offer significant room for improvement; poultry meat is often slaughtered and marketed without any form of cooling which is considered a high risk in the warm and humid climate in Indonesia.
Therefore the goal of this project component is to improve the slaughtering and processing standards of poultry meat. Through interventions, DIFS-Live assists with the (re-)design of slaughter facilities, the upgrade of existing facilities with specific elements, training, and co-financing for pilot testing improved slaughtering facilities, waste treatment and condition of the meat. Together with a selection of independent slaughterhouses in West Java DIFS-Live will work towards increasing the supplies of poultry meat that is slaughtered under hygienic and safe conditions and that is supplied to the market via a well-organized cool chain.
The CVI Animal Sciences Group and LEI Agricultural Economic Research Institute of Wageningen UR, the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FKH-IPB) and Centras at IPB work together to make this component of DIFS-Live a success. They work closely together with several Indonesian slaughterhouses in West Java.
The DIFS-Live programme on slaughterhouse improvements comprises the following activities:
1. Pilot testing slaughterhouse improvements
DIFS-Live works with seven selected poultry slaughterhouses in West Java. The DIFS-Live expert team supports the management of the slaughterhouses with the development of a business plan. Each business plan outlines the specific technical, operational and economic improvements in the slaughterhouse performance. The feasibility of the business plans is checked and discussed.
Around five of business plans will be implemented. These slaughterhouses will receive support in the form of capacity building support, technical advice and co-funding for technical improvements. DIFS-Live works together with Dutch and Indonesian suppliers of equipment for poultry slaughtering, conditioning, waste treatment, etc.
2. Strengthening support and inspection capacity on food safety
DIFS-Live together with the Directorate of Veterinary Public Health and the IPB Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (IPB-FKH) will develop a capacity building programme on food hygiene and safety standards (NKV). The aim of this programme is to strengthen the capacity of the District and Provincial authorities to monitor the performance on hygiene, safety and environmental impact of the poultry slaughterhouses, advice on improvements and assist slaughterhouses to become NKV certified.
3. Strengthening Curriculum at vocational school
As part of this intervention, the existing poultry curriculum at the vocational schools (SMK) in West Java will be strengthened to better fit the needs of the developing poultry sector. A food processing training will be added to the existing curriculum to prepare future workers for Good Slaughtering Practices.